Something about Microsoft

Tweet about this on TwitterPin on PinterestShare on LinkedInFlattr the authorShare on RedditShare on Google+Share on FacebookShare on TumblrDigg this

Microsoft is a multinational computer technology corporation. The history of Microsoft began on April 4, 1975, when it was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen in Albuquerque. Its current best-selling products are the Microsoft Windows operating system, Microsoft Office suite of productivity software, Xbox a line of entertainment of games, music and video and Bing, a line of search engines.

In 1980, Microsoft formed a partnership with IBM that allowed them to bundle Microsoft’s operating system with IBM computers, paying Microsoft a royalty for every sale. In 1985, IBM requested that Microsoft write a new operating system for their computers called OS/2; Microsoft wrote the operating system, but also continued to sell their own alternative, which proved to be in direct competition with OS/2. Microsoft Windows eventually overshadowed OS/2 in terms of sales. When Microsoft launched several versions of Microsoft Windows in the 1990s, they had captured over 90% market share of the world’s personal computers.

bill-gates-microsoft-ap-635

As of June 30, 2014, Microsoft has a global annual revenue of $86.83 Billion USD and 128,076 employees worldwide.[2] It develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of software products for computing devices.

The idea that would spawn Microsoft germinated when Paul Allen showed Bill Gates the January 1, 1975 issue of Popular Electronics that demonstrated the Altair 8800. Allen and Gates saw potential to develop an implementation of the programming language BASIC interpreter for the system.Bill Gates called the creators of the new microcomputer, Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS), offering to demonstrate the implementation in order to win a contract with the company. Allen and Gates had neither an interpreter nor an Altair system, yet in the eight weeks before the demo they developed an interpreter. When Allen flew to Albuquerque, New Mexico to meet with MITS, the interpreter worked and MITS agreed to distribute Altair BASIC. Allen and Gates left Boston, where Allen worked for Honeywell and Gates was enrolled in Harvard, moved to Albuquerque (where MITS was located), and co-founded Microsoft there. Revenues of the company totaled $16,005 by the end of 1976.

Allen came up with the original name of Micro-Soft, a portmanteau of microcomputer and software. Hyphenated in its early incarnations, on November 26, 1976 the company was registered under that name with the Secretary of State of New Mexico. The company’s first international office was founded on November 1, 1978, in Japan, entitled “ASCII Microsoft” (now called “Microsoft Japan”), and on November 29, 1979, the term, “Microsoft” was first used by Bill Gates. On January 1, 1979, the company moved from Albuquerque to a new home in Bellevue, Washington, since it was hard to recruit top programmers to Albuquerque. Shortly before the move, eleven of the then-thirteen employees posed for the staff photo on the right.

Steve Ballmer joined the company on June 11, 1980, and would later succeed Bill Gates as CEO, from January 2000 until February 2014. The company restructured on June 25, 1981, to become an incorporated business in its home state of Washington (with a further change of its name to “Microsoft Corporation, Inc.”). As part of the restructuring, Bill Gates became president of the company and chairman of the board, and Paul Allen became Executive Vice President.

Microsoft’s early products were different variants of Microsoft BASIC which was the dominant programming language in late 1970s and early 1980s home computers such as Apple II (Applesoft BASIC) and Commodore 64 (Commodore BASIC), and were also provided with early versions of the IBM PC as the IBM Cassette BASIC.

The first hardware product[14] was the Z-80 SoftCard which enabled the Apple II to run the CP/M operating system, at the time an industry-standard operating system for running business software and many compilers and interpreters for several high-level languages on microcomputers. The SoftCard was first demonstrated publicly at the West Coast Computer Faire in March 1980.[15][16] It was an immediate success; 5,000 cards, a large number given the microcomputer market at the time, were purchased in the initial three months at $349 each and it was Microsoft’s number one revenue source in 1980.

Do You Know Something about Pop-up Ads?

Tweet about this on TwitterPin on PinterestShare on LinkedInFlattr the authorShare on RedditShare on Google+Share on FacebookShare on TumblrDigg this

Pop-up ads or pop-ups are often forms of online advertising on the World Wide Web intended to attract web traffic or capture email addresses.[1] Pop-ups are generally new web browser windows to display advertisements. The pop-up window containing an advertisement is usually generated by JavaScript using cross-site scripting (XSS), sometimes with a secondary payload using Adobe Flash,[2] but can also be generated by other vulnerabilities/security holes in browser security.

pop-ups

A variation on the pop-up window is the pop-under advertisement, which opens a new browser window hidden under the active window. Pop-unders do not interrupt the user immediately and are not seen until the covering window is closed, making it more difficult to determine which web site opened them.

Pop-up ads originated on the Tripod.com webpage hosting site in the late 1990s. Ethan Zuckerman claims he wrote the code to launch advertisements in separate windows as a response to complaints of displaced banner ads. He didn’t invent the pop-up window. Zuckerman later apologized for the unforeseen nuisance pop-up ads had evolved into.

Techniques
Pop-up blocking
Opera was the first major browser to incorporate tools to block pop-up ads; the Mozilla browser later improved on this by blocking only pop-ups generated as the page loads. In the early 2000s (decade), all major web browsers except Internet Explorer allowed the user to block unwanted pop-ups almost completely. In 2004, Microsoft released Windows XP SP2, which added pop-up blocking to Internet Explorer.

Most modern browsers come with pop-up blocking tools; third-party tools tend to include other features such as ad filtering.

“Pop-ups”
Certain types of downloaded content, such as images, free music, and others, can cause pop ups, and therefore should not be trusted. Especially pornographic sites’ pop ups (known as a “pornado” or “porn-storm”, as coined by John C. Dvorak.) Also, the pop ups will sometimes look like ordinary web pages, and the name of the site will show up in a search bar. Many websites use pop-ups to display information without disrupting the page currently open. For example, if you were to fill in a form on a web page and needed extra guidance, a pop-up would give you extra information without causing loss of any information already entered into the form. Most pop-up blockers will allow this kind of pop-up. However, some will reload the page, causing loss of any information that had been entered.
Some web based installers, such as that used by McAfee, use a pop-up to install software.
On many internet browsers, holding down the ctrl key while clicking a link will allow it to bypass the popup filter.
Clicking (even accidentally) on one pop-up may lead to other pop-up ads opening.
Circumventing pop-up blocker
Main article: Hover ad
A combination of a banner ad and a popup window is the “hover ad”, which uses DHTML to appear in front of the browser screen. With the use of JavaScript, an advertisement can be superimposed over a webpage in a transparent layer. This advertisement can appear as almost anything the author of the advertisement wants. For example, an advertisement can contain an Adobe Flash animation linking to the advertiser’s site. An advertisement can also look like a regular window. Because the advertisement is a part of the web page, it cannot be blocked with a pop-up blocker, but it can be blocked with third-party ad blockers such as Adblock or by using custom style sheets.

Five Famous Computer Scientists in the World

Tweet about this on TwitterPin on PinterestShare on LinkedInFlattr the authorShare on RedditShare on Google+Share on FacebookShare on TumblrDigg this

1. Tim Berners-Lee

tim berners lee

Sir Tim Berners-Lee is a British computer scientist who has single-handedly changed the course of human history. In 1989, he proposed a new information management system. A mere eight months later, he received the first successful communication from a Hypertext Transfer Protocol via the internet. Since then, Berners-Lee’s initial proposal, the World Wide Web, has become a vital part of nearly every household, business, school, and government in the world. In 2012, he was honored as the official inventor of the internet at the Olympics Opening Ceremony in London. During the ceremony, he live tweeted “This is for everyone,” words which were instantly spelled out in LCD lights attached to chairs in the crowd. Berners-Lee is currently the director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), through which he oversees the internet’s continued development.

2. Sergey Brin

Sergey_Brin_cropped

Sergey Brin is the co-founder of Google, one of the most profitable internet companies of all time. He is an American computer scientist who emigrated from the Soviet Union at age six. As a PhD student at Stanford University, Brin and his friend, Larry Page, crammed a bunch of cheap computers into their dorm room and developed Brin’s data mining system. The mining system became so popular at Stanford, that the two eventually decided to drop out, rent a garage, and start Google. Since then, Brin’s personal wealth has been estimated at more than $32 million. The Economist has declared Brin an “Enlightened Man,” which is an appropriate title considering Google’s mission statement has always included the idea that “knowledge is always good, and certainly better than ignorance.”

3. Larry Page

larry page

Larry Page is an American business magnate and computer scientist best known for co-founding Google. He is the inventor of PageRank, the foundation of Google’s search ranking algorithm and an important part of the company’s initial success. Google has won countless awards since its founding in 1998, and Page himself has been named a Global Leader for Tomorrow by the World Economic Forum, and one of the most exciting innovators in the world by MIT Technology Review. As of 2014, Page’s estimated personal wealth exceeded $32 million, securing his spot as the 17th richest man in the world.

4. Mark Zuckerberg

mark zuckerberg

Mark Zuckberg is the American computer programmer and internet entrepreneur responsible for developing Facebook in his Harvard dorm room. Facebook, Inc., for which Zuckerberg currently serves as CEO, has continued to grow exponentially since Zuckerberg first moved the company to Palo Alto, California. The social media website currently boasts over 1 billion users worldwide. Every year since 2010, Time magazine has included Zuckerberg on their lists of the 100 wealthiest people, most influential people, and as part of their annual Person of the Year feature. Though his official salary as CEO of Facebook is exactly $1, Zuckerberg’s personal wealth is estimated at $33.1 billion.

5. Bill Gates

bill gates

As the co-founder and former chief executive of Microsoft, the world’s largest personal-computer software company, the name Bill Gates has become synonymous with computer science. Gates and his Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen started Microsoft in the Poker Room of the Currier House at Harvard University. As the company grew, Gates became known as the entrepreneur behind the personal computer revolution. Since retiring from Microsoft, Gates has become better known as a business magnate, philanthropist, and investor, though he will always be best known as a computer programmer and inventor. He is consistently ranked on the Forbes list of wealthiest people and is currently the second richest person in the world.